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Showing posts with label violation. Show all posts
Showing posts with label violation. Show all posts

Tuesday, September 11, 2012

Google’s Emanuel Update: No One is Safe – Except for YouTube

Google’s recent update to its search index algorithm has been dubbed “Emanuel” by the media, and Emanuel has a Hollywood vendetta to fulfill. The purpose of Emanuel is to target websites that are hosting material in violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DCMA). In most cases, these websites will be big websites that illegally host pirated material like movies and music. The big torrent sites will be hit the hardest – but what about YouTube? Nope. YouTube has been the subject of many controversial copyright allegations, yet it’s very unlikely that Emanuel will penalize it at all.

Copyright Infringement Allegations at Work

The way Google will determine if a site should be penalized or not is by tallying up the number of copyright violation claims Google has received against it. Google evaluates every claim individually for validity, however Google can’t issue an official ruling, because Google is not a judge, and a claim is not a lawsuit. In other words, many of those claims might be bogus. Knowing this, Google has decided that a website needs to have a significant, unusually high number of copyright violation claims against it before it will be penalized. Essentially, if thousands of people say a website is in DCMA violation, it’s more likely that it is, when compared to other sites with only a handful, or one or two, complaints.

Is YouTube Above the Law?

For some reason – maybe because Google owns YouTube – copyright claims against YouTube don’t hold the same weight that they do for other sites when it comes to PageRank and penalties. If you want to file a copyright allegation against YouTube, you can’t even do it in the same method as all other claims; you’re directed to file copyright claims directly and internally with YouTube. Google claims that YouTube isn’t above the law, and in fact that Google is stricter with YouTube than other sites, but it’s easy to see why that’s hard to believe. If copyright allegations go through YouTube itself, rather than straight to Google with all other copyright allegations, then YouTube’s claims won’t count in the tally of DCMA complaints that Google uses to determine penalties. It’s essentially a way that Google can circumvent its own policy.

Can Other Sites Protect Themselves, Too?

If you run a website that hosts a lot of questionable material, you can expect to be hit with some DCMA claims, and if you get a lot, Google will lower your PageRank. Is there a way you could avoid this in the same way as YouTube? You certainly can’t require people to report their claims elsewhere and stick a link on Google’s claims reporting page like Google could for YouTube. You can, however, attempt to encourage people to file their complaints with you and give you the chance to remedy the problem before they go to Google. This, of course, means that you’d actually have to remedy the problem, otherwise an accuser would just go to Google anyway.

And accusers are going to Google in droves. Since Emanuel, more DCMA violation complaints have been filed with Google in one month than in the entire year of 2009. How many of these claims are legitimate, how many aren’t, and how many are simply stabs at competitors? We have no way of knowing, and It’s a slippery slope. But one thing is clear: host copyright infringing material, and you’ll feel the wrath of Emanuel (unless you’re YouTube).
 

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