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Showing posts with label hosting tricks. Show all posts
Showing posts with label hosting tricks. Show all posts

Saturday, May 7, 2011

How to switch hosts without having any down time?

Switching to a new host can be a complicated process. Follow our steps to ensure that your move is smooth and painless.
 
  1. The first step is to join your new host. Make sure to NOT cancel with your old hosting provider, and do not tell them you will be canceling. Keep this a secret from your old host, or they could prematurely terminate your site and cause downtime.
     
  2. At this point, you should have hosting accounts with two hosting providers (the old and the new one). You will now migrate your entire site from the old host to the new one. This can be done by connecting to the old host's FTP and downloading all your files, and then by connecting to the new host's FTP and uploading all your files (maintain the same file and folder structure). If you choose to make CentrioHost your new host, we may transfer your entire site over free of charge!
     
  3. You must also backup any databases on the old host (contact the old host for instructions) and upload the backup files to the new host via FTP. You must then restore your databases from those backup files; this can be done via SSH or cPanel's phpMyAdmin. Emails do not normally transfer, but you can archive your emails from the old host. You can accomplish this by making a POP3 connection to each email address; this way all the old emails are downloaded to your local computer. The new host will not have those old emails, but the new host will be able to get new emails.
     
  4. If you choose to make CentrioHost your new host, we may transfer your entire site (files and databases) over free of charge! If your old host used cPanel, we may be able to transfer emails as well.
     
  5. After you have a copy of your site on both hosting accounts, it is time to change your domain name's DNS....
     
  6. After you have all your files on both hosting accounts, it is time to change your domain name's DNS. Your new host will provide you with the correct name servers (DNS). You may need to contact the new host to find out what DNS settings you will use for your domain name.
     
    DNS name servers usually looks like this (replace "yourhostname.com" with your host's actual domain name):
    ns1.yourhostname.com
    ns2.yourhostname.com
     
    Once you have the correct DNS, go to the company where you purchased your domain name to make the change. If you purchased your domain name from your host, you usually need to ask them to make the DNS changes for you. You can tell them something similar to, "Hello. My domain with you is _____.___ ; please, change my domain name's name servers to ns1._______.____ and ns2._______.____ ."
     
    If you bought your domain name from CentrioHost, we are more than happy to help you or even make the DNS changes for you.
     
  7. Once your DNS changes have been made, you will need to wait 48 hours (two days) before your site will load from the new host. During this 48 hour period, your DNS is propagating world wide and your site will be randomly loading from either the old host or the new host. Once the two days is complete, your site will only be loading from the new host.
     
  8. After the 48 hours have passed, your updated DNS will be fully functional. You will now contact your old host and cancel your hosting account with them. If you originally bought your domain name from the old host, do not cancel your domain registration.
If you completed all the above steps, you have successfully switched hosts with no downtime at all!

Friday, May 6, 2011

10 Tips - How to build a good website

If you want to promote your organisation or your project, you have to be on the web. Nowadays, it is the first resource that people turn to for information. These 10 useful tips can help you communicate what you want to say.
  

1. Define your audience. Fundamental, but many people forget it! What audience do you want to reach? Fellow scientists? Consortium partners? Potential investors? Journalists? Institutional bodies? The target audience determines what content you present.

2. Think about your content. Most of your visitors won't know the subject as well as you do, and have little time to spend reading! So keep it simple and short. Avoid jargon, be concise, focus on the successes and attract your audience by announcing exploitable developments or technologies and their potential benefits.

3. Plan a clear structure. This step is vital. The site should be easy to navigate. Produce a sitemap of your proposed web content. Visitors should ideally find information in 2-3 clicks maximum.

4. Make it look good. It sounds so basic, yet it matters! If it looks nice, people tend to give it more value. A good design reflects well on your organisation or project.

5. Limit graphic content. Multimedia can make your content more attractive, but don't overdo it. Use graphics only if they support your message - white space has proven to be important in communications. Too large images also slow page loading for people with poor connections.

6. Offer easily searchable content. Have a 'search engine' box on the front page. A number of tools can be found on the web to help you do this, including Google.

7. Update your content regularly. Sites with regularly changing content attract more visitors. Archive what’s out-of-date, update with new content, ensure that you don’t have broken links and add new functions.

8. Be media-friendly. Be ready to feed content to the media by preparing press releases, brochures, CVs of relevant contact people, info about key partners and addresses to be contacted. Put them in a 'Press' section on your site, and don't forget images also.

9. Make it interactive. Allow visitors to interact with the content author or producer. Host a discussion forum or start a blog – it may encourage visitors to drop in more often.

10. Domain name is important! Last but not least, today we remember website names as we used to remember phone numbers. So make sure that your domain name is easy to remember.
 

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